Philippine History of Architecture


Archian Design Architect Studio Bacolod City

Philippine History of Architecture

written by Arch Manuel Noche

The history and culture of the Philippines are reflected in its architectural heritage, in the dwellings of its various peoples, in churches and mosques, and in the buildings that have risen in response to the demands of progress and the aspirations of the people.

Architecture in the Philippines today is the result of a natural growth enriched with the absorption of varied influences. It developed from the Pre-Colonial influences of our Malay neighbor, continuing on to the Spanish Colonial Period, the American Commonwealth Period, to Modern Contemporary times. As a result, the Philippines has become an architectural melting pot- uniquely Filipino with a tinge of the Western.

Fort Santiago Gate in Intramuros, Manila

Fort Santiago Gate in Intramuros, Manila

Leandro Locsin, National Artist for architecture, once said, that Philippine Architecture is an elusive thing, because while it makes full use of modern technology, it is a residue of the different overlays of foreign influences left in the Philippines over the centuries: the early Malay culture and vestiges of earlier Hindu influences, the more than 300 years of Spanish domination, the almost 50 years of American rule, the Arab and Chinese influences through commerce and trade over the centuries. What resulted may have been a hybrid, a totally new configuration which may include a remembrance of the past, but transformed or framed in terms of its significance today. Read more of this post

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