Philvocs Guide: Quick Test on Earthquake Proofing your Building


Archian Design Architect Studio Bacolod City Philvocs Guide: Quick Test on Earthquake Proofing your Building

Being situated in the Pacific Ring of Fire, the Philippines is no stranger to earthquakes. Through centuries, Filipinos have adapted with equal courage and bravery to face fire. Throughout history, building construction relied on the flexibility of Bamboo and wood. But with modernity, building with concrete has become a necessity.

Earthquake Ring of Fire with Dragon

Earthquake Ring of Fire with Dragon

Enter the New Millenium.

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Compact Minimalist Modern House in Mandurriao, Iloilo City


Archian Design Architect Studio Bacolod City
Archian Designs Architect Studio Projects

Project: 2 Bedroom Compact Minimalist Modern House
Location: Austery Subd., Mandurriao, Iloilo City
Architect: Arch Ian Jay Bantilan
Status: Under Construction

The simplicity of form and interlocking space of glass, metal and concrete is a play of material and texture. The frontage allows maximum early morning sunlight into the living areas in the Ground Floor and bedrooms in the Second Floor.

Compact Minimalist Modern House in Mandurriao, Iloilo

Compact Minimalist Modern House in Mandurriao, Iloilo

Wide overhangs were incorporated to address the hot sun from 830am to the noon. As louvers are positioned in the front facade, it catches the breezes that passes and channels it into the living and dining areas to exit on the rear openings while the second floor low walls allow air to circulate inside the house.

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The Modern House: Reincarnations of the Bahay Kubo


Archian Design Architect Studio Iloilo - Cebu City

The Modern House: Reincarnations of the Bahay Kubo

Once upon a time, there was a great bamboo stalk. The stalk among many things was warm and fuzy. It had two beating hearts. After a few years the bamboo became full and burst and out came the two great lovers: malakas and maganda. They gathered the splinters and built their home. Malakas from the bottom of his heart used his hair to tie the bamboo to build the rafters and maganda used her light to shine on the home. From them started all the Filipino race. . . . and the legend of the Bahay Kubo.

The bahay kubo has gone a long way from its early beginnings. It was time that tested the kubo’s strength and has grown all our myth of heroes and tribal chiefs with banig (sleeping matt) on the bamboo floor.

As years passed by Spanish sailors made their way through our islands and wrested control of the natives. As they built their massive concrete blocks and white houses, their homes stood in contrast with the lush countryside. As rains poured on, the mud settled into their living room and floods devoured their house. At other places, earthquake tore their buildings and levelled their hopes. It was there that this peculiar white skins grew to admire how dry the raised stilt bamboo houses of the natives kept warm during rain and cool during the day. They too humbled themselves and respected the bahay kubo.

The bahay kubo was adjusted to the taste of the Spanish rulers as they adopted a concrete base with wooden second or third floor, which worked out well during earthquakes. As different nationalities came to the wonderful islands of the Philippines, they brought with them their culture and language but the bahay kubo stood tall as the home for all families.

The Chinese from the North, the Muslim raiders from the South, The Indians from the East and Americans from the West. Each brought with them a different flavor of the bahay kubo. The flavor that we will taste today.

 

White and wood native Malay house

White and wood native Malay house

White concrete modern concrete contrast with dark wood slats merge to create an interesting ensemble of tropical white native house. Glass walls at the bottom allow light and expand the space.

 

Vietnamese Architects reincarnation of the Kubo

Vietnamese Architects reincarnation of the Kubo

With the renewed use of the bamboo as a green material. It gained wide use in different structures. On top is a bamboo pavillion meeting place supported by compound bamboo columns.

Tropical Modern apartments - bahay kubo

Tropical Modern apartments – bahay kubo

Modern apartments in South East Asia espouse a certain quality: wide overhangs. This apartment uses a tukod – a wood prop to keep open a window, but in this case used permanently to carry the sloped roof.

 

Colonial Concrete Stairs - bahay kubo

Colonial Concrete Stairs – bahay kubo

Different combinations of concrete and tropical architecture merge into this colonial home. The narrow eaves lend themselves into thin slender columns in great contrast to its Mediterranean Style inspiration. The large concrete ballusters yeild to the slenter white-painted balustrades. Spanish Mediterranean features of wide white walls give way to white-windows.

 

Modern urban Malay House

Modern urban Malay House

Above is a modern interpretation of a bahay kubo. the low pitched roof holds the helmet over the head of the concrete structure. Walls are replaced by slatted walls to bring the light into the interiors.

Borrowed Thai Style Roof

Modern Thai Style Roof

To the north of the Philippines Islands is the Chinese, who have a strong influence on our architecture. TheChinese porcelain or tiled roof evolve from the mainland to become concave roofs of the South East Asian coastal people of Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam.

Tropical Wood Modern house

Tropical Wood Modern house

Keeping the warm red-brownish color of tropical architecture, the above house is influenced by the Modern Style. The style is a movement to focus on function instead of adornment which began at the early 20th Century. The bahay kubo signature is the stilt columns which instead of bamboo have used steel.

Modern Stilt House

Modern Stilt House

A regular concern of Tropical Countries like the Philippines is flooding. But in cases like above, the countries in these region have very long coastline so much that the natives have been more than comfortable to instead live by the sea. In the old days, these removes all problems of plumbing as waste is thrown directly onto the waterways. Today, an amphibious evolution of the bahay kubo is to build on water and use stilts.

I hope that this article has allowed you to embrace our local architecture and yet welcome new evolution with modern materials and form. We are Filipinos, a very ingenious people with a great capacity to adapt to different environments and thrive.

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Archian Design Architect Studio Iloilo - Cebu City

Please read our article: How to Build the Prettiest and Cheapest Home in the Philippines

 

4 Bedroom Modern Residence – Puerto Real, Lapaz, Iloilo City


Archian Design Architect Studio Bacolod City
Archian Designs Architect Studio Projects

Project: Modern Tropical 4 Bedroom Residence Building
Location: Lapaz, Iloilo City
Architect: Arch Ian Jay Bantilan
Status: Architecture Design

The lot is located 3 blocks away from  the clubhouse of Puerto Real in Lapaz, Iloilo City. The advantage of the site is its wide streets, quiet neighborhood and large cut of land which allows for flexible design options on the building.Modern Garage Residence - Puerto Real House - Iloilo City

Modern Garage Residence – Puerto Real House – Iloilo City

The client is an extended family with four children with senior (grandparents).

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Bahay Kubo: The Quintessential Philippine House


Archian Design Architect Studio Iloilo - Cebu City

Bahay Kubo: The Quintessential Philippine House

The Filipino Bahay Kubo

The Filipino Bahay Kubo

Bahay kubo, kahit munti                      The kubo house, though small
ang halaman doon, ay sari-sari            The greens around, are variety
singkamas at talong. . .                        Jicama and eggplant . . .

The song bahay kubo sums up the simple life and beauty of the country life. For those not acquainted, the bahay kubo is the Filipino word for house. Read more of this post

Engineer Rafael Pol


Archian Design Architect Studio Bacolod City

Engineer Rafael Pol

E-mail:  rafael_pol2004@yahoo.com

Bacolod-Iloilo Mech Engineer Rafael Pol

Bacolod-Iloilo Mech Engineer Rafael Pol

Engineer Biography

Engineer Rafael Pol graduated from the West Negros College in Bacolod City in the Philippines on 1981. He has extensive experience with pumps and engines. He has machine troubleshooting and construction. He has 10 years experience in Construction and 25 years in Engineering in total.

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Masonry: How to properly lay Concrete Hollow Blocks (CHB)


Archian Design Architect Studio Bacolod City

Masonry: Concrete Hollow Block Laying

Concrete Hollow Blocks

Concrete Hollow Blocks

One of the most common building material used is Concrete Hollow Blocks. Most construction systems in the Philippines lay out the structural “skeleton” of the building, usually reinforced concrete columns and beams, and then layout the rest of the building in CHB, as it is abbreviated. The popularity of hollow blocks or CHB comes from its modular use and portability. It is easy to transport, is standard like a lego block that can create all kinds of walls – even curves and cylinders!

CHB - materials should be organized in the delivery area

CHB – materials should be organized in the delivery area

There are different materials having modular use such as sand bags, bricks, stone and adobe blocks. But CHB wins over because of its simple composition – sand, fly ash and cement. Stones and adobe must be quarried from special location (its sources) and transported to thousands of kilometers to the site while CHB can be cast in all kinds of location on Earth.

Construction - CHB and Stiffener Column

Construction – CHB and Stiffener Column

There are many kinds of concrete blocks because molding them allows one to customize what one needs. But concrete hollow blocks evolved to mean the most commonly used ones: 4″ (100mm), 6″ (150mm) and 8″ (rarely used 200mm) which come in the same height and width 8″x 16″ (0.1×0.2x.4). Different structural strengths can also be produced by varying the amount of cement in the mold. Standard strength for CHB is 500 psi for Bungalow up to 4 Storeys and 700 psi for High Rise Construction. Walls in 700 psi CHB is considered as load bearing.

Philippine Building Construction - CHB laying materials

Philippine Building Construction – CHB laying materials

Because hollow blocks are a common material, non-professional people take them for granted in the site. As construction sites require large areas to be programmed for CHB, Sand and Gravel, careful planning for location on site ensures that masons working will have enough space to mix the mortar and install CHB.

Read Constructing a House in Iloilo City.

Archian Designs Architect Studios is a Collaboration of Architects, Urban Planners, Interior Designers, Landscape Designers and Engineers in the Philippines. To see the contact information, email to archiandesigns@yahoo.com, call 0907 7240452 or contact us.